A great scholar, astrologer and architect himself, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh under the expert guidance of Vidyadhar Bhattacharya founded the city on November 8, 1727 and shifted his capital from Amer. The main reason of this shift is scarcity of water for the growing population. Jaipur is a duly planned city and based on Vastu and Shilpa shastra. The city took near about 4 years to complete and during this period huge fortifications and gates were built for security reasons. As a welcome gesture the city was painted in pink colour during the visit of Prince of Wales, Edward VII, thus getting the popular name of 'Pink City'. Jaipur is a popular travel destination in Rajasthan as there are various things to see, do and enjoy while you are here. Popular tourism places are famous monuments like Amer Fort, Jaigarh Fort, Nahargarh Fort, Hawa Mahal, Jantar Mantar and City Palace, each of which has its own mighty history to narrate. They showcase high level of Mughal, Rajput and European style of architecture. And Amer Fort and Jantar Mantar are World Heritage Sites now.
If you are religious, visiting sightseeing places like Galtaji, Govind Devji Temple, Birla Temple and Moti Dungri seems a good idea. The other tourist attractions are Kanak Vrindavan Garden, Sisodia Rani Bagh and Vidyadhar Garden which are worth seeing during spring and autumn season. Jaipur is also famous for its delicious Dal Baati Churma, Gatte ki Sabzi, Ker Sangri, Missi Roti and Bajre ki Roti with lots of pure ghee. Ghevar, Moong Dal Halwa, Mawa Kachori and Gajak are quite popular amongst the people with a sweet tooth. Your Jaipur Tour will remain incomplete without buying Rajasthani dress material, camel leather items, jewelry, handicrafts items and Jaipuri carpets and rajaiyan in this 'shopper's paradise'. Some of the best festivals that you should not miss while being in Jaipur are Gangaur Festival (March and April), Teej festival, Kite festival (January), Elephant Festival, Sitla mata fair, Diwali, Raksha Bandhan, and Dussehra.
HOW TO REACH
By Air: Sanganer Airport is 10 Km away from the main city and has both Domestic and International Terminus which is 7 Km and 10 Km far respectively. All the major Airlines like Air India, IndiGo, Spicejet connects Jaipur with the other major cities in India. Direct flight to Kuala Lumpur, Sharjah, Muscat and Dubai is also available from here.
By Train: It has 3 Railways Junctions at Gandhinagar, Durgapura and Jaipur main. Indian Railways has connected this popular tourist place with all the major cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Ahmadabad, Jammu, Kanpur, Bhubaneswar, Agra etc. Major trains like Shatabdi Express, Intercity Express and other Express Trains connects Jaipur very well with other cities on a regular basis.
You can enjoy the exotic journey in Palace on Wheels. It originates from Delhi and connects Jaipur, Sawai Madhopur and Chittorgarh, Udaipur, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Bharatpur and Agra for a week long luxury trip.
By Road: Jaipur is connected with NH8, NH11 and NH12. Both AC Volvo and Non-AC Deluxe buses are available which were operated by The Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation (RSRTC) and private agencies as well, to and fro from Jaipur. You can even take a bus from Narayan Singh Circle and Sindhi Camp while in Jaipur.
Travellers from India and abroad, flock in Jaipur throughout the year. It is famous for its forts, temples, lakes, fairs and festivals. The climate of Jaipur is arid as it is a semi-desert region. Winters are the best time to visit this beautiful place.
Winters are from October to March and are the best time to enjoy the city. The days are very pleasant but the nights are cold with less than 4°C . Carry heavy woollens while travelling. You can enjoy the sightseeing at the historic forts along with the Elephant Festival in March, Kite Festival during Makar Sankranti and Jaipur Literature Fest in January.
Summers are from April to June and are very hot and dry. During this time the average temperature is 44°C - 45°C Hot winds blows throughout the day making sightseeing next to impossible. The festival of Gangaur is celebrated during this time. Drink lots of water and juices, wear light cotton wares and carry a pair of good sunglasses if you are planning visit this city at this time.
Monsoons are from July to September but Jaipur receives low to medium rainfall. You can join the local festival of Teej if you are in the city in the month of August.